Asian elephants are not doing well—as humans increasingly encroach on their territory, elephants find survival more difficult. Some die due to poaching, but others are killed when they damage croplands or wander into populated areas. The researchers with this new effort report that some of the young male elephants have been adapting their behavior to give themselves a better chance of surviving—they have been forming groups instead of hanging out alone.In the past, as male elephants grew old enough to become sexually mature, they would wander away from their families and head off alone into the wild. Typically, they would look for an area with enough food and locally available, sexually mature females. But now, conditions are changing, the researchers report—instead of heading off alone, young males have started joining up with other young males, forming groups.The researchers began their study after hearing about groups of young male elephants running around together like human gangs. To learn more, they looked at photographs taken of elephants all across India during the year 2016 to 2017—from farmlands, forests and urban centers. In all, they analyzed 1,445 photographs of 248 individual young male elephants. They report that they did find evidence of young males forming groups. They also found a particular behavior pattern—the more dangerous a given area was for a young male elephant, the more likely he was to join a group. Thus, elephant groups in areas with more people were larger than groups in other areas. And in some places where elephants are known to be relatively safe from human harm, the males continued to head out on their own. The researchers conclude that the elephants in India are forming groups out of behavioral necessity. A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in India has found evidence of young Asian elephants forming all-male groups as a way to survive. In their paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, the group describes their study of the elephants in different parts of India, and what they found. The older you get, the harder you seek: The mating secrets of Africa’s bull elephants Credit: CC0 Public Domain This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further © 2019 Science X Network More information: Nishant Srinivasaiah et al. All-Male Groups in Asian Elephants: A Novel, Adaptive Social Strategy in Increasingly Anthropogenic Landscapes of Southern India, Scientific Reports (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-45130-1 Citation: Young Asian elephants form all-male groups to survive (2019, July 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-young-asian-elephants-all-male-groups.html Journal information: Scientific Reports
Kolkata: A 24-year-old youth from Karaya in Kolkata drowned while bathing in Digha. His body was recovered on Wednesday morning.Police said the victim, Azhar Ali, was a resident of Karaya. He went to Digha with six other friends on Tuesday.He drowned while bathing on Tuesday. His friends sought help of the police. Policemen from Digha police station initiated a search. They found the body in Old Digha on Wednesday morning. The body was sent for an autopsy. Police are trying to find out how he drowned. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIn another incident at Regent Park in Kolkata, a class XII student, Sanjay Saha, drowned while bathing in a pond.Locals informed police that he went missing. Police searched all the places in the area. They finally searched the pond and fished out his body. Police sent the body for an autopsy and initiated a probe in this connection. He was a resident of Anandapalli at Regent Park and the incident took place in a pond close to his house.
Taking forward their aim of providing a platform for promising young Indian artists, the Raza foundation’s Aarambh series has now entered into their second month. “Aarambh” will invite two artists from different genres from various parts of India every month to perform before audiences in the capital. A total of 25 artists will perform under the series in the next one year. The idea behind this series is to bring performers of music and dance who have not been seen or presented in Delhi. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIn the second month, Hindustani Classical Vocalist Meenal Natu and Kathak Dancer Vishavdeep will perform for 45 minutes each at Civil Services Officers’ Institute on October 23 and Triveni Kala Sangam the following day.On the question of how important it is to promote classical art forms among young artists, Ashok Vajpeyi, Managing Trustee of the Raza Foundation said, “When it comes to classical arts, the younger generation needs support because these arts are not very popular and they require very hard, long training. If young artists don’t get opportunities for showcasing their skills then it could create a problem. Such a platform can add to their confidence or skill.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIn contrasting views, Vishavdeep, a scholarship holder of Ministry of Culture in kathak dance and a math graduate says, “I am also from the current generation and I don’t believe that people’s interests in Indian classical art forms are diminishing. I see more and more of parents enrolling their children into learning an art form. I have seen them consider classical art as a serious career prospective.” A senior disciple of Guru Narain Prasad, Nandini Singh and Prerana Shrimali will start off with Shiv Vandana and then he will get into the technicalities of Kathak or ‘shudh nritya’.A disciple of Dr Usha Parkhi and a well-known exponent of Jaipuri-Atrauli Gharana, Meenal Natu is elated to perform at such a huge platform and feels that every genre of music is equally important and interesting. The Raza Foundation provides support and platforms for various arts, and fellowships, especially aimed at young talent.
Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now 7 min read Enroll Now for Free If you’re looking into building a new website or updating an existing site, one of the first choices you’ll have to make is whether to do it yourself or hire a professional. Not so long ago, there would have been no question of hiring a pro to get the results you want, but thanks to the rise of online tools like website builders, it has become much easier for the non-techies among us to build a more-than-decent website. Just because you can, though, doesn’t always mean you should. It’s a decision that’s worth weighing carefully, since for some projects a professional cannot be replaced by a tool.Here are some considerations that might help you decide.Popular Website Options.Website builders – Squarespace, Weebly, and Wix are popular choices — offer some of the easiest and least expensive paths to create a web presence. In general, website builders are less powerful than a system like WordPress, but are easier to use. Website builders generally have visual page editors that make it easy to edit elements of the website. On the other hand, they aren’t very flexible, so they are best for smaller sites. Website builders do include hosting and sometimes cover the registration of a domain name, so you don’t need to worry about that configuration. Website builders commonly price their services at less than $10 per month.WordPress is a content management system that is very powerful, but is also more abstract. Unlike website builders that allow you to drag and drop, WordPress users can choose a “theme” from the thousands available then use a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) interface to add and edit content. Users may also have to employ the occasional bit of code to edit a theme or plugin in WordPress, which makes it better suited for those with at least a little comfort around HTML. While it’s free, WordPress does require you to find a web host (which is often less than $5/ month). You’ll also have to pay $10 to $20 per year for a domain registration.Finally, there’s the option to hand the entire site over to professionals. This is by far the most expensive option – costs can range from a few thousand dollars to more than $100,000, depending on the company doing the work and the size and nature of the site. The costs with this option are significant, but the possibilities are limitless.Related: 10 Options for Hosting Your Startup WebsiteWhat Kind of Site Do You Need?In order to decide which option is best for you, you’ll need to determine what kind of site best matches your business.A brochure site is the simplest site, and as the name implies, it’s a showcase of what your business does. The primary purpose of a brochure site is to give a company a credible web presence and provide some basic information to prospective customers with text, images, and maybe a video. It’s a good way to show your mission, pricing, examples of what you sell, and basic contact information.If, on the other hand, you’ll be handling financial transactions, you’ll need an e-commerce site. An e-commerce site is a little more complicated, since it will have to be able to handle payment processing and allow you to easily add, remove, or edit products and services.For some businesses, the site itself actually is the business. Web applications like project management tools, online fax services, or price comparison engines are all examples of web applications. While brochure sites and even e-commerce sites are possible to build with a CMS or website builder, an application is something you should only entrust to a professional website developer. If this is something you’re exploring, be prepared to spend at least $10,000 for a custom app that will stand out and function smoothly. Some websites combine both e-commerce and an application function (think Amazon). Unless you really know your way around website design, a hybrid site that will process a lot of requests and information should also be built by a pro.Another way to look at what kind of site you’ll need is to ask yourself how important it will be to your business. If you’re a consultant, for instance, whose business is primarily based on existing relationships, you probably won’t be relying on a website to generate a large percentage of your business. If your website is generating less than 20 percent of your business, a simple brochure site should fill your needs. If your site will generate a more significant bit of business, perhaps more than 60 percent, it’s likely to be a site that will have more user demands and will have to perform multiple functions. Even if your website is simple, if it’s going to be responsible for the majority of your business generation, it’s best to hire a professional developer.Related: 8 Web Design Trends That Are Bound to Be Huge in 2016 Your Skill Level.If you’re a programmer who can build a website from scratch, the sky’s the limit. For the rest of us, there are options available for almost every skill level.Website builders are the most basic tool, and as discussed above, also the most limited. However, they are extremely easy to use, and you don’t need to know anything about coding to jump right in and build a clean-looking site. If you can use PowerPoint, you can use a website builder.WordPress requires a higher comfort level with basic web hosting and HTML, but is still a relatively easy system to use. It is more flexible and customizable than a website builder, but you should feel comfortable exploring the WordPress community to find the best design templates and plugins for your needs.Keep in mind that whether you choose a website builder or WordPress, you’ll be in charge of the content and creative elements that make it stand out.Your Budget.Depending on whether you build your own site or hire a professional developer, a brochure site can cost anywhere from fifty dollars a year to more than $5,000. Most professional developers will charge at least $5,000 to build a nicely designed, mobile-friendly website.If you’re building an e-commerce site, expect to spend a little more, since they’re more complicated. A website builder package that includes quality e-commerce features will typically cost about $300 per year, while a developer will cost at least $7,500, but the cost could be substantially more if you have even slightly more complicated functions on the website, like product categories or real-time inventory management.Related: 5 Ways To Optimize Your Digital Marketing BudgetEvaluate Your Options.There are a few categories of business owners for whom hiring a professional web developer is almost certainly a must: businesses that are, or rely on, custom apps; businesses that expect to generate 100 percent of their business from the website; and business owners who are not comfortable or familiar with website builders. In these cases you’ll need expert guidance and know-how to make your site work best for your business — just be aware of the budget requirements.For those who expect to generate less than 20 percent of their business from their website, and who feel comfortable with basic programs like PowerPoint, a website builder is the best bet. You can get a professional looking site without spending a lot of time or money on an overcomplicated project. What if you’re in between? In that case you have myriad options to choose from, including using the extremely popular WordPress platform, which provides a great cost savings, but can be made to serve a huge variety of needs. In general, though, the higher the percentage of revenue you expect to generate from your website, the greater potential ROI you’ll get from an investment in your website. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. April 6, 2016 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.