Depth gradients in shell morphology correlate with thermal limits for activity and ice disturbance in Antarctic limpets

first_imgTo fully understand how species distributions will respond to changing environments it is essential to understand the mechanisms underlying variation in animal performance and the relative importance of different ecological and environmental factors. A performance measure that has previously been used as an indicator of thermal capacity of the Antarctic limpet (Nacella concinna) to cope with regional warming is the ability to right if removed from the substratum and turned upside down. As part of an on-going study into limpet genetics and phenotypic plasticity, we tested the temperature limits for 50% righting of limpets from 6 and 30 m depth. The 50% threshold for limpets collected from 6 m (4.7 degrees C) was higher than for those collected from 30 m (0.7 degrees C). This compares with a previously published limit of 2.2 degrees C for limpets collected from 12-15 m at the same location. These thermal limits positively correlated with a depth gradient in shell height to length ratio; thickness and strength. Flatter limpets, had a reduced thermal limit for righting than taller limpets which we hypothesise is related to increased energy requirements of flat limpets, which have to turn through a greater angle to right than tall limpets. Of the factors that cause morphological plasticity of gastropod shells, iceberg disturbance is the most likely cause of the sub-tidal gradient in N. concinna shell shape, and therefore the thermal limit for righting of limpets from 6 to 30 m depth, rather than environmental temperature. Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Utah, Denver tied 1-1 heading to game 3

first_img Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailDenver Nuggets (46-27, third in the Western Conference during the regular season) vs. Utah Jazz (44-28, sixth in the Western Conference during the regular season)Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Friday, 4 p.m. EDTLINE: Nuggets -1.5; over/under is 218.5WESTERN CONFERENCE FIRST ROUND: Series tied 1-1BOTTOM LINE: The Denver Nuggets take on the Utah Jazz for game three of the Western Conference first round with the series tied 1-1. The Jazz won the previous meeting 124-105. Donovan Mitchell scored 30 points to help lead Utah to the win and Nikola Jokic scored 28 points in defeat for Denver.The Jazz are 24-21 against conference opponents. Utah has a 31-10 record against teams under .500.The Nuggets are 29-16 in conference play. Denver scores 111.3 points and has outscored opponents by 2.1 points per game.TOP PERFORMERS: Rudy Gobert is scoring 15.1 points per game and averaging 13.5 rebounds for the Jazz. Mitchell is averaging 21.7 points and 3.8 rebounds while shooting 38.1% over the last 10 games for Utah.Jokic leads the Nuggets with 9.7 rebounds and averages 19.9 points. Michael Porter Jr. is averaging 19.5 points and 7.4 rebounds over the last 10 games for Denver.LAST 10 GAMES: Jazz: 4-6, averaging 115.6 points, 43.5 rebounds, 24.6 assists, 7.2 steals and 4.7 blocks per game while shooting 45.3% from the field. Their opponents have averaged 117.2 points on 49.4% shooting.Nuggets: 4-6, averaging 118.8 points, 42.6 rebounds, 27.3 assists, 6.8 steals and 4.5 blocks per game while shooting 49.3% from the field. Their opponents have averaged 123.5 points on 49.7% shooting.INJURIES: Jazz: Mike Conley: out (personal), Ed Davis: out (knee).Nuggets: Vlatko Cancar: out (foot), Will Barton: out (knee), Gary Harris: out (hip). Tags: Denver Nuggets/NBA/NBA Playoffs/Utah Jazz August 20, 2020 /Sports News – Local Utah, Denver tied 1-1 heading to game 3 Associated Presslast_img read more

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Crestwood begins commercial operations at Bucking Horse II processing plant

first_imgThe new gas processing plant has expanded the total processing capacity of Crestwood Equity Partners in the Powder River Basin to 345MMcf/d Crestwood Equity Partners has completed the Bucking Horse II processing plant. (Credit: Pixabay/michaelmep) Crestwood Equity Partners has started commercial operations at the Bucking Horse II processing plant in Converse County, Wyoming, which has a capacity of 200 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d).The new gas processing plant has expanded the total processing capacity of Crestwood Equity Partners in the Powder River Basin to 345MMcf/d.In 2015, the company’s subsidiary Crestwood Midstream Partners alongside Williams Partners commissioned the Bucking Horse gas processing facility in the Niobrara Shale play in the Powder River Basin. The gas processing facility, which originally had 120MMcf/d capacity, was subsequently expanded to a capacity of 145MMcf/d.Last year, the company’s subsidiary Crestwood Niobrara acquired Williams Partners’ 50% stake in their Powder River Basin joint venture for about $485m, thereby gaining 100% ownership in the Jackalope Gas Gathering System and the Bucking Horse Processing Plant.The company said that following the completion of the Bucking Horse II processing plant, its capital requirements in the basin will come down significantly. This will be due to the investment of future capital towards multiple expansion and optimisation projects like line looping and compression across the midstream system, said the company.Crestwood Equity Partners signs agreement with Occidental PetroleumIn a separate development, Crestwood Equity Partners has signed a new gathering and processing agreement to deliver wellhead services for Occidental Petroleum’s 2020 delineation programme in the Powder River Basin.Crestwood Equity Partners said that the acreage involved in the agreement is located in the eastern part of the existing Jackalope Gas Gathering Services system. Based on the close proximity of the wells to the existing system, the company said that minimal incremental capital is required for connecting the new wells.Crestwood Equity Partners president and CEO Robert Phillips said: “Today marks a key milestone for Crestwood as we bring the Bucking Horse II plant fully online and complete our three-year investment program to align our assets with our producers’ plans in our core growth basins.“I want to congratulate all of the Crestwood employees that did a tremendous job to bring the plant into service safely and under-budget, and we are excited to welcome Occidental, a premier investment-grade operator, to our customer base in the basin.”last_img read more

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RAN Makes Great Headway to Achieve White Ribbon Accreditation

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today RAN Makes Great Headway to Achieve White Ribbon Accreditation August 28, 2013 View post tag: White The Royal Australian Navy is making great headway in its bid to achieve White Ribbon accreditation, with one in every five Navy members having completed the important White Ribbon survey.White Ribbon Australia seeks to change the attitudes and behaviours that lead to and perpetuate men’s violence against women, by engaging boys and men to lead social change. The White Ribbon campaign is the World’s largest male-led movement to end men’s violence against women.The Chief of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs has made a commitment to make the Royal Australian Navy White Ribbon accredited by the end of the year.Navy already has many White Ribbon ‘ambassadors’ who lead the campaign by living the white ribbon oath: never to commit, excuse or remain silent about violence against women.By striving to become a White Ribbon accredited workplace, Navy demonstrates its commitment to tackling this issue – which is important for Navy and the wider Australian community.The first stage of achieving White Ribbon accreditation involves the completion of a whole of Navy survey, which will obtain a baseline understanding of Navy’s perceptions regarding violence against women. Chief of Navy has asked all uniformed Navy personnel to complete the short 5 minute survey.So far, more than 20% of the men and women in the Royal Australian Navy have responded, with a goal of achieving the 30% target by the end of August.The Program Director, New Generation Navy, Captain Mark Hill, said that ‘violence against women is a significant issue requiring all sectors of the Australian community to take action. Whether it’s at home or at work, violence against women impacts on women’s health, safety, productivity and work capacity. For Navy, that means our capability is degraded and our ability to achieve our mission is compromised’.[mappress]Press Release, August 28, 2013; Image: Australian Navy View post tag: Naval View post tag: makes View post tag: achieve View post tag: Navy Training & Education RAN Makes Great Headway to Achieve White Ribbon Accreditation View post tag: Headway View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Accreditation View post tag: Great View post tag: Defence View post tag: Ribbon View post tag: Royal Australian Navy View post tag: Defense Share this articlelast_img read more

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Ten Spectacular Overnight Trips in Shenandoah National Park

first_imgWith 200,000 acres of protected wilderness, Shenandoah National Park is perfect for any adventure seeker. Shenandoah offers views along the scenic Skyline Drive and plentiful trails for hiking enthusiasts of all ages. Just 75 miles from Washington D.C. and less than 30 minutes from Charlottesville, SNP is ideal as a weekend getaway or as a spot to polish backcountry skills.The park charges $20 per car for unlimited weeklong access or $40 for an annual pass. Tight on money? Visit during National Park Week from April 16-24 to take advantage of waived entrance fees. Here are ten overnight trips we recommend to anyone looking to experience some of Virginia’s best wilderness.White RocksDifficulty: BeginnerDistance: 5.0-8.5 mi. (Round-trip)Nights: 1Relatively flexible, the length of this trip can depend on how far you need to go to find a suitable campsite for the group. Opting to take the Hazel River Trail–a good choice if avoiding flooded streams, can also extend the loop. With a small cave and waterfall, this short trip has a lot to offer and is suitable as an introduction to backpacking. You can find the trailhead at the Meadow Spring Area off of MP 34.Big Meadows & Rose RiverDifficulty: BeginnerDistance: 14 mi.  (Circuit)Nights: 2This trip is a slightly longer circuit for those looking to spend two nights in the wilderness. Several beautiful waterfalls lie along the trail, and the first night will be spent at the well-known Big Meadows campground. While a wonderful place to break camp, Big Meadows is very popular and can fill up quickly during peak hiking seasons. Plan ahead to arrive early if this is your desired destination. You can find the trailhead at Milam Gap off of MP 53.Big Run Loop & Appalachian Trail CircuitDifficulty: Beginner/Strenuous BeginnerDistance: 6.8-13.8 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 1Big Run Loop is also a flexible trip, with the length increasing from a base 6.8 miles depending on how far along Big Run Portal the group desires to go for exploring or finding a campsite. The Big Run wilderness valley has excellent open harvest fishing and is generally worth exploring. There are multiple stream crossings on Big Run Portal, check the weather before heading out as to avoid heavy rains. You can find the trailhead at Big Run Overlook/Doyles River Parking off of MP 81.Whiteoak Canyon & Cedar RunDifficulty: Strenuous BeginnerDistance: 8-14 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 1Whiteoak Canyon is home to many beautiful waterfalls, and is one of the most popular hikes in the park. This circuit is a must-see, but it should ideally be visited during the week. Heavy trail traffic during the weekend makes the hike less enjoyable and backcountry camping somewhat more difficult. You can find the trailhead at Hawksbill Gap off of MP 45.Big Meadows, Hawksbill, and Rose RiverDifficulty: Strenuous Beginner Distance: 21 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 2Access: MP 53A variation of the Big Meadows & Rose River trip listed above, this is a fantastic two-night trip in the backcountry. Included is a visit to Hawksbill Summit, the highest peak in Shenandoah National Park. However, this hike also has the first night at Big Meadows campground—be sure to plan ahead. You can find the trailhead at Milam Gap off of MP 53.15542215599_ac55bd8656_z (1)Overall Run & Beecher RidgeDifficulty: Strenuous Beginner/ExperiencedDistance: 12-14 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 1Overall Run & Beecher Ridge is a fun one-night trip for the intermediate backpacker. A nice summer destination, Overall Run & Beecher Ridge has the highest waterfalls in all of Shenandoah at around 93 feet, along with a few swimming holes. You can find the trailhead at Hogback off of MP 21 or near MP 21.1 parking.Big Run, Doyles River, and FrazierDifficulty: Strenuous Beginner/ExperiencedDistance: 18.1-26.8 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 2This circuit is a fairly flexible trip with an optional extra day of backpacking along Big Run Portal for a total of three nights. Along with the exceptional wilderness and fishing along Big Run, this trip also features three popular waterfalls along Doyles River and Frazier Discovery Trail. You can find the trailhead at Loft Mountain Wayside off of MP 79.9816670373_4e6a39278f_zPocosin, Laurel Prong, and SlaughterDifficulty: ExperiencedDistance: 27.5-29 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 3A slightly lengthy trip for the more experienced, this circuit features fabulous views, 83-foot waterfalls, and mission ruins. It is recommended to wear blaze orange during hunting season, as the trail passes through Rapidan Wildlife Management Area at some points where hunting is allowed. You can find the trailhead at the South River Picnic Area off of MP 63.Central District HighlightsDifficulty: Experienced/AdvancedDistance: 55 mi. (Circuit)Nights: 5Great for those looking for Spring Break plans or an adventurous vacation, this trip features the best bits of Shenandoah. With high peaks, river crossings, and waterfalls, Central District Highlights is perfect for those who want to experience a large portion of the park but don’t have the time to commit to a full thru hike. Old Rag is summited on the second day for some of the best views of the Shenandoah Valley. You can find the trailhead at the Meadow Spring Area off of MP 34.Entire Appalachian Trail through SNPDifficulty: AdvancedDistance: 120.6 mi. (One way)Nights: 7-13A true challenge, a thru hike of the Appalachian Trail through Shenandoah can be done in a few different ways. Depending on physical ability and time constraints, the hike can either be done as a quick 7-night, 15-mile a day trek or as a slightly more relaxed 13-night, 8-mile per day trip. You can find the trailhead at the Rockfish Gap/South Entrance area off of MP 105.As always, remember to brush up on Leave No Trace principles and SNP regulations before heading out. Also, all backcountry camping in Shenandoah requires a permit—make sure to plan ahead or pick one up at a station before entering the park.For more information about the park or trip details, click here. [divider]Related Articles[/divider]last_img read more

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Cocaine Trade Shifts from Colombia to Peru

first_img The shape-shifting cocaine trade has survived a decade-long crackdown in Colombia to reemerge in Peru, which is expected to take over as top producer in an industry worth some $100 billion worldwide. “In fact, everything that has been reduced in Colombia has ended up in Peru and Bolivia,” Colombian analyst Daniel Mejia, who leads the Center on Security and Drugs at the Universidad de los Andes, told AFP. “The (coca processing) labs have moved to Ecuador and Venezuela, and the trafficking to Central America and Mexico,” he said. The area of land on which coca leaves are grown has remained fairly stable in recent years, with experts putting it at around 1,500 square kilometers (579 square miles) across the Andes. In 2010, Colombia and Peru were nearly tied in area of coca cultivation (62,000 hectares in Colombia compared to 61,200 in Peru) and processed cocaine output (350 tons a year in Colombia versus 320 in Peru). But many experts expect Peru to emerge on top in both categories in 2012. The 2012 UN report on drugs released June 26 did not have the latest data to confirm Peru’s dubious distinction but highlighted Colombia’s “very significant reduction in cocaine processing” since 2006, when yearly output was 660 tons. Cocaine production and retailing have changed dramatically since the early 1990s, when infamous Colombian cartels dominated the American drug trade, with a lock on everything from coca planting to retail sales on US streets. The Colombian cartels started out just trafficking cocaine, mainly from Peru but also Bolivia. Their trade exploded, however, with the imposition of a no-fly zone in neighboring Peru by then-president Alberto Fujimori. Peruvian armed forces shot down suspected drug planes up until 2001, when they accidentally downed a small plane carrying US missionaries. The violence unleashed by drug traffickers in Colombia meanwhile came to be seen as a threat to national security, as thousands of Colombians were killed in turf battles and the country developed a reputation for kidnappings. “Where Colombia is different from other coca leaf producers is that in this country, there had been an armed conflict since the middle of the 1960s,” Mejia said, referring to the decades-long war with leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Latin America’s longest-fighting rebel group. “When the FARC rebels and (rightwing) paramilitaries established links with cocaine traffickers, they were trained military organizations,” he said. In 2000, Colombia’s then-president Andres Pastrana signed the Plan Colombia with the United States, under which Bogota would eventually receive $8 billion in aid as well as training and materiel for fighting cartels and insurgents. Plan Colombia also included no-fly zones, which pushed Colombian cocaine exporters to find other paths out of the country — over land, via rivers and even by sea with semi-submersible submarines. The decade-long crackdown has left Colombian cartels in increasing disarray, and fumigation — which is only used against coca crops in Colombia – has reduced crop yields and productivity. But the regional cocaine trade is still alive and well. “It is a mistake to think anyone is going to get rid of the problem,” said Aldo Lale Demoz, the Colombia envoy for the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. “We are trying to rein it in and make sure it is hard to get and expensive, and that it does not get to people under 18,” he said. In Peru, meanwhile, coca growing has become increasingly profitable in areas such as the Apurimac and Ene River Valley (VRAE), where efforts at crop substitution have largely failed. “Sometimes people come in (with economic incentives) and farmers want to leave their coca crops, so they plant cacao or coffee. But then there is no follow-up and farmers end up going back to coca,” said Perez Malqui, of the farmers union in Pichari, in southern Peru. “They give farmers hope with a lot of promises but then they disappear, and the farmers have products for which there are no markets,” he said. While coca leaves are chewed for medicinal reasons in the Andes, there is no denying where most of Peru’s coca is heading. “You cannot block out the sun with one finger,” Edwin Huaman, mayor of San Francisco, near Pichari, told AFP. “There is drug trafficking here. … The traffickers are targeting people who are vulnerable and do not have government support.” By Dialogo July 10, 2012last_img read more

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Long Island Sandy Relief Beer Debuts Tuesday

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Surge Protector IPA, a Sandy Relief Ale with all proceeds going to charity, debuts Tuesday (Niko Krommydas).Giving back never tasted so good.Eight craft breweries on Long Island joined forces on a collaborative beer specially made for all the proceeds to help Superstorm Sandy survivors. Their limited-edition creation, a Sandy Relief Ale dubbed Surge Protector IPA, begins flowing this week with the proceeds split between the nonprofit Long Island Cares and Barrier Brewing Co. in Oceanside, which was destroyed by the storm.“The brewers reached out to help us in our time of need,” said Craig Frymark, co-founder of Barrier Brewing, where brewing operations resumed 10 weeks after four feet of Sandy floodwaters wrecked their new digs. “We also kind of want to come together for the greater good of Long Island.”A half dozen launch parties for the charity beer are being held Tuesday evening across New York City and LI, including The Black Sheep Ale House in Mineola and The Tap Room in Patchogue.Beer, Here: Long Island’s Craft Beer Explosion Collaborators who donated time and ingredients for the benevolent brew include Blind Bat Brewery, Great South Bay Brewery, Greenport Harbor Brewing Co., Long Island Beer Co., Port Jeff Brewing Co., Spider Bite Beer Co., Barrier Brewing and Blue Point Brewing Co.Blue Point brewed and bottled the beer that will be distributed by Clare Rose Inc. to participating bars and restaurants across the Island and the city. Surge Protector will be available on tap and in 22-ounce bottles for a limited time only.It’s not the only Sandy relief beer, either. Flying Fish Brewing Co. in New Jersey has brewed up 50 kegs of F.U. Sandy with 100 percent of proceeds—estimated at $50,000—going to charity as well. That is slated to hit bars in The Garden State and Philadelphia next month.LI brewers reportedly made about 50 kegs and 2,000 bottles of Surge Protector. The bottles can be found at participating retailers starting Wednesday.last_img read more

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The power of semantics in credit union analytics

first_imgA common language forms a bond between humans and strengthens their ability to cooperate. Credit unions must agree on common semantics to establish powerful business analytics throughout the industry.Language is very powerful tool. The ability for people to understand each other forms one of the strongest bonds known to man. The credit union industry has remained strong through the power of collaboration. However, new challenges have been mounting against the industry such as big banks and fintech competitors, stricter regulations and the increasing complexity of products and channels. Therefore, being on the “same page” is more important than ever. Currently, credit unions are speaking different languages and trying to collaborate. This results in miscommunication throughout the industry which depends on unity for strength. The ability to communicate easily and effectively is the foundation of credit union analytics.Data SourcesCredit unions use a vast array of databases (many of which were designed for purposes outside of the credit union industry). On top of that, databases must be designed for ease of storage, international data standards, and tight budgets and timelines. This results in confusing database languages that are only understood by the most experienced users which creates more confusion between IT and business (which do not need any more reasons to misunderstand each other). Data elements (stored on disparate databases) have different meanings throughout a credit union and the industry. These database silos cause disunity within a credit union. If a single credit union is not able to agree on the semantics of their databases, the credit union industry cannot be united.Data IntegrationWhen credit unions attempt to integrate their databases, many think it will be as easy as routing data from each database into a common location (based on a few database keys). However, when they attempt to roll out the database integrations, they quickly realize this approach will not work for the business. Data integration must be done with the end in mind. If data is integrated without a Common Data Model (CDM) in mind, confusion will be multiplied. The CDM must be designed for the credit union’s long-term goals and for the ability to establish common semantics throughout the credit union industry.Common Data Model (CDM)In order to begin forming common semantics, credit unions must establish a CDM that span across all their data and is indifferent to vendors. The Credit Union Financial Exchange (CUFX) has established industry standards for database integration using standard business terms that span across databases regardless of vendor. This initiative is strengthening the unity of the credit union industry. CUFX has established common semantics to foster a common credit union language. For example, one credit union might call the application id for a loan, loan appl id, while another might call it ln applic numbr. With a CDM, credit unions can all agree to call it loan application Id and thereby establishing a common term for this data element. As business users begin speaking the same language they will bring greater unity to their credit union and the industry as a whole.Semantic LayerOnce the CDM has been adopted, credit unions must establish a semantic layer to develop their reporting and analytics. As Joy Mundy, from Kimball Group, explains in her article, “The semantic layer provides a translation of the underlying database structures into business user oriented terms and constructs”. The semantic layer provides an environment for quick report development and analytics. Common semantics (developed into a format that is easy to consume) will give credit unions the ability to develop insights and share them across the industry much more effectively. If one credit union discovers a pattern in their data, they can develop an app that displays the information intuitively and share their insights with other credit unions to cooperate at a deeper level than ever before.Cooperative AnalyticsOnce a common semantic layer (using a CDM) has been implemented throughout the credit union industry, credit unions will truly excel in cooperating on analytics. They can continue to strengthen communication by agreeing on industry standard business terms and definitions for all their data.  Cooperation requires a common language to flourish and is essential to foster the collaborative spirit on which the credit union movement was founded. 12SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Nate Wentzlaff Nate Wentzlaff joined OnApproach in 2013 as a Business Analyst and is now currently a Data Analytics Specialist. He builds data visualization apps that help to improve business processes throughout … Web: www.onapproach.com Detailslast_img read more

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Small ideas, big change: Ways to make your organization stronger

first_img 8SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Earlier this month, I had the privilege of joining eight other local leaders in sharing 10 ideas for the Des Moines Business Record’s “90 Ideas in 90 Minutes” event. The experience was truly inspiring and educational.From Des Moines Police Chief Dana Wingert’s reminder to applaud others and not take our employees for granted to Des Moines University President Angela Franklin’s advice to embrace change and maintain open minds, the ideas shared will strengthen organizations of all sizes and in every industry.Below are a couple ideas I shared during the event that are near and dear to my heart. (To watch the entire presentation, check out the recording on YouTube.)Encourage Personal Development PlansEmployees who are not engaged and growing professionally not only challenge an organization’s ability to innovate and grow; they can be incredibly damaging to the business. A Gallop poll found nearly half of employees are disengaged. Another 18 percent are actively disengaged, meaning they are purposefully undermining their coworkers and sabotaging projects. continue reading »last_img read more

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Scottish Widows buys £100m Banbury shopping centre

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

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